Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a condition that refers to thrombosis, the formation of a blood clot, in a vein found deep inside of the human body. Commonly, DVT develops in areas of the body in which veins are larger, particularly the legs. The development of DVT is heightened by certain human characteristics, including age, pregnancy, and weight. Additionally, the occurrence of DVT increases with cigarette smoking, the use of birth control, and lack of exercise. Unfortunately, DVT also develops in healthy individuals who are forced into situations that restrict movement for long periods of time. Situations such as surgery recovery, air travel, and sedentary office work are a few examples that meet the previous criteria.

SYMPTOMS OF DVT:

  • Pain Tenderness
  • Swelling
  • Discoloration and warmth of the affected area

If left untreated, the DVT can migrate from its original position to the lungs of the patient in a process termed Venous Thromboembolism (VTE). When VTE occurs, a Pulmonary Embolism (PE) is developed. PE is a life-threatening obstruction of the main artery of the lung.


SYMPTOMS OF PE:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Chest pain
  • Rapid breathing and a rapid heart rate
  • Low blood pressure
  • If left untreated, death can occur